American Eskimo dog

Quick facts

American Eskimo dog AKC Group: Non-Sporting
Height: Male: 11-19 Inches, Female: 10-18 Inches
Weight: Standard size: 21-38 pounds, Miniature size: 13-20 pounds
Colors: White or cream double coat, deep black or brown points for lips, eye rims, and nose
AKC recognized in: 1994

The American Eskimo dog or popularly known among dog lovers as "Eskie" has evolved from ancient family of dogs. These dogs were developed as working dogs by people living in the Arctic and northern hemisphere. The larger types are used as sled dogs. These dogs can take low temperature in the negatives, rain, and snow. They can be pet dogs also as they love being part of the owner's family and are gentle to children.

This dog has a well-balanced and well-proportioned body whose head is fox-like accentuated by triangular ears. It has a lion-like mane, more prominent in males. Thick hair surrounds its rump and hind legs like trousers while the back of its forelegs are nicely feathered.

The Eskie is not recognized internationally as a dog breed, only in the US and Canada. People who want their dogs to participate in international competitions usually register them as a German Spitz. Historically, the European immigrants to the United States in the early 1900s brought their Spitz dogs. After WWII, the Japanese Spitz was possibly exported to the United States which may have resulted to cross-breeding. Hence, the American Eskimo dog has changed through over 100 years.

Temperament

American Eskimo dog Summary
Affection five paws
Cold Tolerance five paws
Ease of Training five paws
Energy level four paws
Exercise Requirements four paws
Friendliness : Children four paws
Friendliness: Other Animals three paws
Friendliness: Other Pets three paws
Grooming Requirements three pawa
Heat Tolerance three paws
Playfulness four paws
Protection Ability three paws
Watchdog Ability three paws

The American Eskimo dog has been bred as a working dog to protect people and property. Useful as a watchdog, it can prevent intruders from entering the owner's domain. It would usually make noise to drive strangers away.

It has an attitude to protect its territory at all costs. However, its owner can train it to become an obedient dog and curb its aggressive behavior.

When properly trained, the American Eskimo dog can show its intelligence by following commands and doing tricks. It has a history of being a circus dog, particularly in the Barnum and Bailey Circus tours in the 1930s, walking on a tightrope. Some of this breed had been used likewise for narcotics detection.

Health and Exercise

The life expectancy of the American Eskimo dog is 12 - 15 years. A generally healthy dog with no major health problem tendencies, the most common ailments that should be watched out for are the following:

  • Hip dysplasia
  • Progressive Retinal Atrophy (PRA)
  • Luxating patella
  • Obesity

Being an alert dog that has an enormous amount of energy, the American Eskimo dog needs to have its daily exercise. Walking the dog or playing with it in the yard or some open space is sufficient enough to provide the needed physical stretching that this dog needs for its body.

It needs occasional brushing of its coat at least twice a week. Grooming maintenance is minimal but, whenever there is shedding, it is time for brushing its coat.

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