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Quick facts

Beauceron AKC Group: Herding
Height: Male: 25.5-27.5 Inches, Female: 24-26.5 Inches
Weight: 65-85 pounds
Colors: black and tan, or black, gray, and tan
AKC recognized in: 2007

The well-loved Beauceron is one of oldest and most distinguished breeds of herding dogs in France. Among the French, it is the most preferred of all sheepdogs since it can instinctively herd hundreds of sheep patiently and tirelessly. This dog is renowned for its energy, strength, and endurance.

As one the top purebred dogs in the world with no foreign crosses at all. This gives the Beauceron it noble stature which goes well with its proud carriage. It is one solid dog, well-muscled and proportioned with no heaviness. Purebred Beauceron have a short coat which varies between black and tan and hind legs with six toes, the classic dewclaw, which is the distinguishing mark of the true Beauceron.

Ideal to all herding dogs, the Beauceron gait is smooth and athletic. It can fluidly move in long, effortless strides which cover a great deal of distance. This speaks highly of its stamina and energy.

This breed of sheepdog with a short coat was first named by Pierre Megnin in 1863 as the Berger de Beuce, which can be quite misleading because it comes not from the region of Beuce but rather from Brie. Later renamed the Beauceron in 1889, this French purebreed was included in the first-ever shepherd dog club founded in 1897.

Widely admired for their bravery, the Beauceron played major roles as messengers and trackers, even of mine fields, during the World Wars. They still support the French police and army today as watch dogs and guard dogs, and they are becoming increasingly popular all over Europe and in the United States as family watch dogs and companions.


Beauceron Summary
Affection three paws
Cold Tolerance three paws
Ease of Training five paws
Energy level four paws
Exercise Requirements four paws
Friendliness : Children three paws
Friendliness: Other Animals three paws
Friendliness: Other Pets two paws
Grooming Requirements one paw
Heat Tolerance three paws
Playfulness three paws
Protection Ability five paws
Watchdog Ability five paws

The male dogs are larger, more heavy-boned, and more muscled than the female, but the bitches are no less formidable. They are both fiercely protective of and loyal to their master, making them fearless and confident leaders. Make no mistake, the Beauceron is one serious working dog who has the initiative to deliver. They follow commands without any hesitation or timidity.

Beauceron can be easily trained and disciplined because of their excellent memory, intelligence, and alertness as watchdogs. They are both eager to please and learn, revealing their gentle and obedient nature. They are happiest when given tasks or exercises to do. There is, however, a streak of independence in these proud creatures, which means training has to start early and a master and his family have to spend time in bonding well. They are never mean, but they tend to be reserved towards all strangers. Children should likewise learn to be respectful and firm with this proud and frank dog.

Health and Exercise

As mentioned, the Beauceron is happiest with plenty of exercise outdoors. It cannot be confined to urban territory, so the suburban and rural areas are most suitable. Apartment living means giving it long and regular walks in the wide, open spaces.

Their short coat does not require much grooming except when they shed moderately or smells slightly, and only more for the owner's welfare especially since the Beauceron stays indoors. Their dewclaws only need occasional trimming when they grow too long.

The Beauceron has a life expectancy of 10 to 12 years and although it generally a healthy and hardy breed, they may experience the following ailments:

  • hip dysplasia
  • Progressive retinal atrophy
  • Gastric torsion or bloating

If there are any signs of vomiting, drooling, restlessness, or pacing behavior, a Beauceron should be brought to a veterinary clinic immediately.

Visitor Comments

This is your chance to add your feedback. Do you have a Beauceron in your family, or know one in someone elses? Do you have a story to tell related to that Beauceron? Or maybe you have more questions that either or another of our visitors might be able to help you with? Feel free to add your comment or question below.

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