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Quick facts

Collie AKC Group: Herding
Height: Male: 24-26 inches, Female: 22-24 inches
Weight: Male: 60-75 pounds, Female: 50-65 pounds
Colors: Black, black and white, black and tan, red, red and tan, sable
AKC recognized in: 1885

A popular English dog, the Collie is definitely British in origin. It originally hails from the uplands of North and West Britain, but it has diversified into different varieties in the continents of North America and Australia.

It's not exactly known where the name "Collie" has been derived. It could stand for the word "coal" since most collies are basically black or black-and-white in color. It could also represent the Scottish mountain sheep fondly referred to as the "colley". But in the modern world, a Collie brings to mind that faithful family companion we've come to know as Lassie.

At any rate, Collies will always be associated with the most loyal and devoted of sheepdogs. Of Collie ancestry are the Scottish Rough-Coated Collie, the American Rough Collie and the British Border Collie. They all translate into some of the most hardworking herding dogs ever.

A typical Collie can be described as medium-sized and lightly-built. It is characterized by a pointed snout and a signature white pattern over its shoulders. An average shedder, its coat may be short or long, and its tail may be smooth and feathery or full and bushy.


Collie Summary
Affection five paws
Cold Tolerance four paws
Ease of Training four paws
Energy level three paws
Exercise Requirements three paws
Friendliness : Children four paws
Friendliness: Other Animals four paws
Friendliness: Other Pets four paws
Grooming Requirements three paws
Heat Tolerance three paws
Playfulness four paws
Protection Ability three paws
Watchdog Ability four paws

Just from their smart appearance, you can guess that Collies are very active and energetic dogs. Lean and strong, they are known for their stamina, intelligence, and trainability.

From simple working dogs great at herding, they've been trained and developed into some of the smartest show dogs, search-and-rescue dogs, and guide dogs for the disabled. This implies that they've got the patience and wit to deal with people.

Working-type Collies will prove to be very hardworking and intensely loyal. Intelligent and obedient, they are highly-motivated to work. As a trainer, you will have to curb their single-mindedness and strong herding instincts to make them behave within your standards.

On the other hand, show and pet Collies can be trained to be gentler and more mild-mannered. Sweet-tempered as they are, they easily make friends with humans and other dogs. They can be playful yet protective around children.

Health and Exercise

The Collie has an average lifespan of 10 to 14 years.

Collies are healthy dogs in general. They are lively, agile creatures who love to bond and play. Favored with an uncanny sense of direction, a Collie can find its way home or find lots of exercise to do outdoors. But because they are sensitive to heat, give them enough food, shade, and water as the weather warms.

As to home and family, the Collie is actually one of the easiest breeds to housebreak. They can live in apartments provided they get regularly exercised by long, brisk walks and romps on a leash. They respond well to authority and leadership without any sign of aggression.

Like most dogs that age beyond 14 years, adult Collies can suffer from hip problems which lead to lameness and arthritis. They are also subject to eye defects like the Collie Eye Syndrome which leads to hypersensitivity and blindness.

Certain breeds of the Collie, specifically the Rough and Smooth varieties, can be affected by a genetic defect which makes them more sensitive to antibiotics and steroids. Another inherited disease among Collies is Grey Collie Syndrome. A canine stem cell disorder, it affects puppies and causes early deaths at only 6 months old.

Visitor Comments

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