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Pharaoh Hound

Quick facts

Pharaoh Hound AKC Group: Hound
Height: Male: 23-25 in., Female: 21-24 in.
Weight: Male: 45-55 lbs., Female: 45-55 lbs.
Colors: tan or chestnut with white markings on the tip of the tail, toes and chest called a white star
AKC recognized in: 1983

The Pharaoh Hound is one of the world's oldest domesticated dog breeds. It traces its roots to Ancient Egypt to around 3000 BC. Sea-faring Phoenicians brought the breed to the Mediterranean. Modern Pharaohs now come from the island of Malta and they are now the national dog of that territory. It is known as the Kelb tal-Fenek in its country of origin.

This breed is named such because it was the chosen companion of the ancient Pharaohs of Egypt. Like other dogs from the hound group, they were used mainly for hunting small game such as rabbits. It has a keen sense of sight and smell making it well-suited for this role. It bears a slight resemblance to other Mediterranean dog breeds from Sicily and the Iberian Peninsula.

At its best, the Pharaoh Hound is an impressive sight to behold. It is a medium-sized dog and has an excellent stature showing dignity, grace and power. It is a tall and slender dog sporting an athletic body. The short and glossy coat often comes in tan with preferred white markings on the body.

This breed was exported to Britain and the United States in the late 60s. It was finally recognized by the American Kennel Club in 1983.


Pharaoh Hound Summary
Affection three paws
Cold Tolerance three paws
Ease of Training three paws
Energy level three paws
Exercise Requirements four paws
Friendliness : Children three paws
Friendliness: Other Dogs four paws
Friendliness: Other Pets two paws
Grooming Requirements one paw
Heat Tolerance three paws
Playfulness three paws
Protection Ability two paws
Watchdog Ability four paws

The Pharaoh Hound is a friendly breed able to get along with people as well as with animals. On the other hand, it may show reservations in mingling with strangers. Non-canine pets cannot be left alone with this breed because of its hunting background. Early socialization should be considered in such a case.

Although an intelligent breed, training might be a bit of a challenge. Inexperienced trainers might find it difficult to deal with its inherent stubbornness and independent thinking. Positive training methods are strongly encouraged for Pharaoh Hounds. Owners who are calm, patient assertive and consistent are best for this breed.

Pharaoh Hounds are an affectionate breed especially towards its adoptive family. This dog is best for families who can show the same level of affection.

Health and Exercise

Pharaoh Hounds live an average lifespan of 11 to 14 years. It lives a fairly healthy life without much worry on some disease and illnesses. However, this breed has shown vulnerability towards pesticides and certain medicines. It is best to consult a veterinarian when this happens.

This breed requires regular daily exercise. Feeding requirements are quite reasonable and should not be too much of an issue. Its coat is easy to maintain with brushing only required to remove loose hair. Shedding is not a problem and the same can be said with odor.

Being a hunting dog, this is an active and energetic breed. Small and confined spaces are not ideal for Pharaoh Hounds. Be careful on leaving one in large and open spaces though. One whiff of a small creature, especially rabbits, and this dog is gone before you even know it. For this reason, it is better off in large fenced areas.

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