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Cavalier King Charles Spaniel

Quick facts

Cavalier King Charles Spaniel AKC Group: Toy
Height: 12 - 13 inches
Weight: 13 - 18 pounds,
Colors: tri-colored (Prince Charles), rich mahogany red (Ruby), black and tan (King Charles), and red and white (Blenheim)
AKC recognized in: 1995

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels are the American variety of the King Charles Spaniel breed. It was in the 16th century that the nobility of England bred a small Spaniel dog that became fashionable at that time. It was the reign of King Charles I when this breed came out and it was specifically dedicated only to the noble men and women of the time. It was widely believed that this spaniel was immune to fleas and stomach disorders. During winter, the ladies riding on the carriage would carry the King Charles Spaniel to keep them warm.

However, the reign of the next king, King Charles II is attributed for keeping the exclusivity of the long-nosed spaniel until its popularity waned at the time of King William III and Queen Mary II. The Pug became popular in Netherlands and the King William's Dutch lineage brought the Pug to England. Perhaps, the cross breeding with the Pug caused of what is known today as the King Charles Spaniel.

The red and white King Charles Spaniel became part of the kennel for hunting of the 1st Duke of Marlborough, John Churchill. He was very happy with this breed that he named it after his estate. The estate was named Blenheim after his victory in the Battle of Blenheim. This was in the early part of the 18th century.

At the turn of the 20th century, many clamoured for the original long-nosed King Charles Spaniel. Finally, Roswell Eldridge offered in 1926 prize money in a dog show to display the original King Charles Spaniel. He died a month before the formal opening of the dog show. Later in 1928, Mostyn Walker entered a dog named "Ann's Son" that became the first standard renamed as King Charles Spaniel, Cavalier type.

Other breeders continued to develop the new variety until a formal canine breeders club dedicated to the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was formed in 1956 after the World War when most of the breeding stock was destroyed. It was only in 1997 that the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel was recognized by the American Kennel Club.


Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Summary
Affection five paws
Cold Tolerance three paws
Ease of Training four paws
Energy level three paws
Exercise Requirements three paws
Friendliness : Children five paws
Friendliness: Other Animals five paws
Friendliness: Other Pets five paws
Grooming Requirements three paws
Heat Tolerance two paws
Playfulness four paws
Protection Ability one paw
Watchdog Ability three paws

Being a toy dog and originally a lap dog, the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is larger than its cousin, the English Toy Spaniel. But, they have grown with separate physical characteristics. The emotional behaviour of the Cavalier King Charles Spaniel has been the same as the original lap dogs during the time of King Charles II. They are eager, affectionate and always wanting to please its masters.

This dog breed does not like to be kept alone in an enclosed area. They are well-behaved when they are treated properly and when its owner knows its needs. It needs company and would prefer to be treated like one of the family. There should be caution to keep it from being too independent. These dogs want to wag their tails most of the time.

Health and Exercise

Cavalier King Charles Spaniels live an average lifespan of 9 to 14 years.

The Cavalier King Charles Spaniel is generally healthy although it has a tendency to become overweight. Its common ailments include hereditary eye disease, patellar luxation, ear problems, and back problems.

This toy dog breed is suited for apartment life and moderately active indoors. A small yard is sufficient and a daily walk will be complying with its exercise requirement.

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