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Quick facts

Pomeranian Dog Group: Toy
Height: 8 to 11 Inches
Weight: 3 to 7 pounds
Colors: Red, orange, white or cream, blue, brown or black double coat, black points for nose and eye rims except for brown, blue and beaver dogs
AKC recognized in: 1888

The Pomeranian comes from the large fox-like dog breed of spitz. This dog is believed to be a descendant of the Deutscher spitz. It is also believed to have been developed in the Prussian region of Pomerania from the family of sled and herding dogs. But going back further to its roots, it is interesting to know that it was not even called Pomeranian before it was introduced in England, nor did it look the way it is now. Many of these dogs even reached 30 pounds.

Its breeding down in size is attributed to Queen Victoria, since this royalty was known to prefer smaller specimens of pet companions. In time, the 'puff ball' appearance of this dog breed has garnered attention from international breeders.

One of the features the Pomeranian is most well known for is its fluffy double coat. The undercoat is very soft and abundant. Its outer coat is quite rough that the hairs stand off from its body.

The rest of its compact and square proportioned body is also heavily furry. Its tail is feathered and curled. It has a thick ruff of fur on its neck, which is one factor that makes it a distinct member of the spitz breed. Its small ears, which are pointed and upright, are also the characteristics the other spitz dogs possess.

The Pomeranian dog's body structure is noticeably close to its larger counterparts. The layback of its shoulders is sufficient enough for it to carry the neck and head in an upright position. The shoulders and legs are brawny enough as well. As for its hindquarters, they balance off the forequarters.


Pomeranian Summary
Affection five paws
Cold Tolerance four paws
Ease of Training three paws
Energy level three paws
Exercise Requirements two paws
Friendliness : Children two paws
Friendliness: Other Animals two paws
Friendliness: Other Pets two paws
Grooming Requirements three paws
Heat Tolerance two paws
Playfulness three paws
Protection Ability one paw
Watchdog Ability four paws

Although the Pomeranian is the smallest known member of the spitz family, it is one of the most active dogs around. It is very playful, outgoing and confident, and sometimes appears to be quite cocky.

There are a few drawbacks once it is not properly trained. It can get very demanding and bark excessively. Once it gets nervous around the company of young children, it may even bite. On the other hand, they are great companions and watchdog for older people due to this dog's protective nature.

This dog breed also has the capability to easily grasp tricks easily, which makes these dogs apt as efficient circus performers.

Health and Exercise

Pomeranians have an average life expectency of 12 to 16 years.

Pomeranians are generally a healthy breed, but are prone to certain health problems. Patellar luxation is one major concern for this dog breed. Owners must also be on the watch for minor ailments and conditions such as open fontanel, hypoglycemia, shoulder luxation, progressive retinal atrophy and entropion.Other potential medical problems include:

  • Joint diseases, including Legg-Perthes Disease and hip dysplasia
  • Collapsed Trachea - usually the result of pulling too hard on the leash, so make sure you train her to walk by your side instead of trying to lead the way.
  • Allergies - all kinds of allergies can be found. If you find your Pomeranian licking her toes or rubbing her face, it might be time to consule a vet.

Although its soft undercoat sheds only once or twice a year, its outer coat easily sheds and gets matted. Therefore it requires daily brushing. The rule of thumb is to start at the head and the long hairs forward. Other maintenance needs this dog breed has include regular brushing of teeth and cleaning of eyes and ears.

To keep it healthy, its diet must be properly watched as it has the tendency to be a picky eater. A short walk or indoor game every once in a while could also keep the Pomeranian in shape, since they are very active indoors.

Poms love to learn new things, so trick training is ideal for these dogs. This will not only increase the bond between them and you, but will also give her the moderate exercise she needs.

Visitor Comments

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You think those dogs will not be in heaven! I tell you they will be there long before any of us.
Robert Louis Stevenson

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