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Quick facts

Pug Dog Group: Toy
Height: 10 to 11 Inches
Weight: 14 to 18 pounds
Colors: silver, apricot-fawn, or black, with black muzzle or mask, ears, cheek moles, and trace down back
AKC recognized in: 1885

Bulged out eyes, wrinkled forehead, short, almost non-existent muzzle ... you either love Pugs or think there is something strangely wrong about them! For most people, though, once they really get to know a pug, there's no going back. They really are an endearing breed of dog.

The origin of the Pug is subject to much debate, but it is generally believed to have originated somewhere in Asia before 400 BC. Some believe it is of oriental origin, a descendent of the short-haired Pekingese. Others believe it originated in the lowlands, and was brought west by Dutch traders. Other possible ancestors include the small bulldog and the Dogue de Bordeaux.


Pug Summary
Affection five paws
Cold Tolerance two paws
Ease of Training three paws
Energy level three paws
Exercise Requirements three paws
Friendliness : Children four paws
Friendliness: Other Animals four paws
Friendliness: Other Pets four paws
Grooming Requirements one paw
Heat Tolerance one paw
Playfulness five paws
Protection Ability one paw
Watchdog Ability four paws

Pugs are friendly, playful dogs. Although they can sometimes be startled by noises or an unfamiliar voice, a Pug will quickly adapt. Pugs co-exist with other dogs well, but they generally are not as good with cats unless they have been around cats from an early age.

Pugs are very playful, mischievous and clever dogs. Being highly intelligent, they bore easily with repetitive training or being left at home alone. They do require a lot of attention from their owners, and will become extremely jealous if ignored.

Pugs are excellent family pets, getting along with children and visitors. They are generally a loving, loyal pet with a happy disposition.

Health and Exercise

Pugs have an average life expectency of 12 to 15 years.

Some of their unique characteristics, unfortunately, can cause several medical concerns. Their eyes are susceptible to keratites (inflammation of the cornea) and ulcers on the cornea. They also are prone to weep a lot. The short muzzle contributes to chronic breathing problems. Other potential medical problems include:

  • Pug Dog Encephalitis (PDE), an inflammation of the brain that strikes adolescent Pugs usually between the ages of 2 and 3
  • skin problems
  • allergies
  • obesity

You need to control the amount of food a Pug eats, since they have a tendency to overeat if the food is available, and become extremely obese, which will greatly lower the life expectency.

Pugs are strong dogs with short straight legs. They should be taken on daily walks. They enjoy energetic games and will keep in better health if given regular exercise. But be careful not to over do it, especially if you see them start to wheeze. Also, try to keep the outdoor activity during the cooler times of the day, since this dog breed tends to overheat easily.

Visitor Comments

This is your chance to add your feedback. Do you have a Pug in your family, or know one in someone elses? Do you have a story to tell related to that Pug? Or maybe you have more questions that either or another of our visitors might be able to help you with? Feel free to add your comment or question below.

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